Unfortunately, it is most often impossible to make up for the vitamin deficiency with food alone. It can be difficult even if you balance your diet and clearly follow the doctor’s instructions. Therefore, the only way to avoid hypovitaminosis may be to take vitamin complexes. However, before you start taking vitamins, it is necessary to consult with your doctor. Unreasonable use of vitamin-containing preparations can lead to severe adverse reactions. Doctors will be able to determine what vitamins are missing in the body and prescribe appropriate drugs. Vitamins are certainly not HIV / AIDS medication, but they can support the body and bring much benefit.
In case of vitamin deficiency, for example, after an illness, it is recommended to take vitamin complexes. Of course, they will not replace the natural vitamins that we receive with products. However, they will help make up for their deficiency. Vitamin preparations belong to dietary supplements, so you can buy them without a doctor’s prescription. If it is not possible to see a doctor, you need to understand what groups of vitamins are responsible for.
- Vitamin A (retinol) – slows down aging, is necessary for hair growth, wound healing and the immune system. Vitamin A is necessary for visual acuity, with its deficit there is a “chicken blindness” – a disease in which the patient loses the ability to see in the dark.
- B vitamins – this group includes vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12 and others. They help to avoid stress and strengthen the nervous system.
- Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) – this vitamin strengthens the immune system, and has powerful antioxidant properties.
- Vitamin D – provides normal growth and development of bones, supports muscle tone.
- Vitamin E – slows down the aging process, so it is rightly called the vitamin of youth.
In order to make up for the lack of not one but several vitamins at once, it is optimal to take vitamin complexes. They are divided into several categories, depending on who they are intended for or what problem they are supposed to solve:
- For immunity;
- For the beauty of hair, skin and nails;
- For children;
- For adults;
- For pregnant women.
Where are the most vitamins
Vitamins are primarily contained in plants that form or accumulate them. The largest amount of vitamins (carotene, B1, B2, PP, C) is found in berries – cherry, strawberry and black currant. They are followed by carrots, tomatoes, oranges, salad leaves, apples, white cabbage. In this case, the leader in the amount of vitamin C is rosehip, but it does not contain vitamins B1, B2, PP. The greatest amount of carotene – a precursor of vitamin A, is contained in sorrel and carrots, and vitamin PP – in plums.
How to take vitamins correctly
There is an opinion that taking vitamins is absolutely harmless. However, a number of studies have shown that excessive intake of vitamins can seriously harm the body. One of the studies was conducted with the participation of 3 groups of men-smokers. One group was given vitamin E, the second carotene, and the third – placebo. Those who took vitamins for 5-8 years increased the risk of blood cancer and cardiovascular disease.
There is evidence of the negative impact of high doses of vitamins on the liver. This concerns fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, K, because they can accumulate in the liver. Oversupply of some vitamins may lead to a shortage of others. For example, it is known that the simultaneous intake of iron and calcium interferes with each other. Iron preparations are recommended in the morning and calcium in the evening before bed. Therefore, before taking vitamins, you should consult with your doctor and follow his recommendations. So take Vitamins / Minerals correctly, and you will be able to notice the positive effect of them.